In remembrance of September 11th, 2001 – SEPTEMBER 11 2001: A DAY TO REMEMBER


I was 13 years old when I saw heavy clouds hovering over my school.

• I remember the teachers crying.

• I remember parents rushing to pick their kids up from school.

• I remember the dark heavy clouds hovering over my school.

I, too, remember where I was, what classroom I was in, and seeing the massive dark cloud hovering over my school, thinking that it was getting dark outside.

Not understanding what was going on. And seeing the substitute teacher on the phone with relative telling the classroom what’s going on in the City of Manhattan, and why we see thick stream of Heavy clouds hovering over our school…

During the day seeing my teacher, Mrs. Burns’s reaction along with the substitute Teacher(Forgot-Her-Name) only intensified as they got more details on what was going on in the city and the attack on the World Trade Center. Mrs. Burns and the substitute Teacher were crying simultaneously. The students and I were young and didn’t quite understand the scale of what was going on.

I remember Mrs. Burns also stating; “we had so many years of peace and that has ended.”

I remember Mrs. Burns’ saying, “we may have to go to war again. America is at War.” (I am paraphrasing as I try to remember her exact words).

However, the other students and I were baffled and did not understand what was going on. But we slowly started noticing parents coming into the class taking their children out with concerns on their faces.

My school had to shut down early due to the tragic events; seeing the big dark clouds hovering over my school was a sight to see when I was younger.
However, I had no idea what was going on until I came home. I was 13 years old when 9/11 happened. The school I attended was PS 43 in Far Rockaway, Queens, New York.

And just like those who remember where they were on the day of the Attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. And just like those who remember the President Kennedy Assassination in November 1963. I, too, remembered where I was and what class I was in. I remembered this whole event like it was yesterday. 

As the Iraq & Afghanistan War was still raging on. I’ve heard from old Friends that Mrs. Burns’s only son was killed during the war. I’m pretty sure Mrs. Burns was devastated by her son’s passing. Mrs. Burns was also a heavy smoker. I’ve even heard that she passed away a few years shortly after her son was killed in combat.

My father was able to eventually join the military a few years into the Iraq War. And my father first served in the US Navy, and the US Army, and then eventually the US National Guard. My father still serves to this day.

September 11th, 2001, was one of those tragic events that changed the course of life for all naturally born American citizens. The impact can still be felt to this day!

The date was September 11th, 2001.

Discussion on Criminal Justice Reform

The United Nation Association of the USA Southern New York State Division Seminar on Race, Criminal Justice, and Human Rights, child migrants, and the US performance in relation to the UN Universal Periodic Review of Human Rights.

I attended this event that has gone over the Criminal Justice reforms, child migrant crisis, and family separation, and the basic Human Rights. 

The moderators were: 

• Former NYS Senator Ruth Hassell Thompson, special adviser to Governor Andrew Cuomo for policy and Community Affairs of New York State Home and Community Renewal and member of the United Nations Association Southern division of New York board. 

•  David Stillman, board member of the United Nations Association of Southern New York state division board & executive director of the Public-Private Alliance Foundation. 

• Jeanne Betsock Stillman, Vice President of USA-SNY and coordinator of the consultation on race, criminal justice, and human rights, child migrants, and the Universal Periodic Review.

This meeting talked about the many problems in the American criminal justice system, and the reason for needing reform to fix the Justice System, and the crisis at the border between Mexico and the United States. 

During my time at this three-hour event, there were a lot of speakers expressing the current events surrounding the Criminal Justice System and the Child and Parent separation crisis at the border.  
This event was mainly about criminal justice reform. We know a lot of communities where there aren’t any opportunities, and with the issues of our poor educational system, so many people go to prison. There need to be programs in prison that make people better and productive in our society. Right now, the system isn’t set up that way. It’s set up for potential failure.  In my opinion, in our country, if you’re rich and guilty, you get a much better deal than if your poor & and innocent. 

It is a major failing of our criminal justice system is not fulfilling its role of keeping people safe & locking up real criminals. And not giving people Second Chances.The proper role of a criminal justice system is to protect Public Safety and give people a second chance. That when they come out, they’re not criminals, and to make sure that we have a system in place that truly redeems people.

 It was stated at this event that a lot of people in the US understand that the system is broken at every single angle, and most folks, particularly community members, believe at best the system is broken. At worst, they believe that the system is doing exactly what it was designed to do, which is to oppress and criminalize black and brown folks along with other minority groups.

Criminal Justice Change and why America needs it: 

With higher quantities of Americans in the criminal equity framework than at any other time, unlawful equity change has turned into a critical need. To effectively change the structure, changes should be made to end cruel strategies and racial profiling among different issues. 
Realize why criminal equity change is so significant today and what you can do to get included. 

What is Criminal Justice Reform? 
Criminal Justice Reform is attempting to changes how detainees are treated in the Justice system through legislation. By dealing with these reforms throughout the United States at an assortment of government levels, America can right the wrongs before the issue turns out to be more regrettable. While no criminal justice structure is utterly impeccable, nor is that of the United States. 

Change means to fix these mistakes, and there are various associations engaged with the development in different ways, including: 

• Lessening unforgiving jail sentences 

• Reforming the Drug laws & their harsh policy

• Decriminalizing specific laws, including drug approaches 

• Organizing restoration of wrongdoers, particularly adolescent guilty parties 

• Changing the least condemning laws Regardless of the drug crime are the most crucial aspect of our criminal justice reform, attempts to change the criminal justice system, and how it operates. It’s all about the individuals and families being negatively impacted by our prison system, which needs to be reform.

Child migrant & family separation:As indicated by one of the speakers on the child separation, the Trump Administration in all likelihood isolated thousands, additional youngsters, from their folks at the Southern US, Mexico Border than was recently thought. The government has announced that almost 2,700 kids were separate from their folks under a zero-tolerance” migration approach, about all adults entering the nation wrongfully were arrested, and any child going with them were placed into asylums or childcare. 

However, even before the government formally disclosed the no-tolerance policy in the spring of 2018, the office that supervises the consideration of migrant children in government authority had noticed a “sharp increment” in the quantity of kids isolated from a parent or caretaker.

The arrangement was parents to indict the individuals who entered the US illegally. It brought about a large number of transient guardians going through months in anguished vulnerability, incapable of speaking with their youngsters and as a rule, not even knowing where the kids were. Babies and little children were among the youngsters who were placed into homes, frequently hundreds or thousands of miles from where their folks were confined. The government additionally made it hard for relatives other than the kids’ parents to bring children into their own homes.The US Migration and Enforcement Authorization office administers the expulsions of unapproved & undocumented peoples. 

One of the speakers, William Silverman, said that; parents and their small children regularly have been trying to look for shelter in the US due to the rough conditions in their country that drove them to the US border where they are being treated like invaders. The kids being confined under the new “zero-tolerance” approach confront legal procedures without mother or father close by. 

“The parent may be the one in particular who knows why they fled from the nation of origin, and the kid is in a disadvantageous situation to protect themselves,” said the mediator, William Silverman. 
In the interim, the more extensive legitimate circumstance is in transition. A government judge told the White House to reunify families quickly if the child is less than five and within 30 days. The Justice Department has not shown whether it will abide by the rules of law. However, lawyers who are engaged with the cases said it’s a mystery on how judge’s performance will function practically speaking and when and how it could produce results. “We don’t have the foggiest idea about how judges will reunify the child migrant and their folks. Imagine a scenario in which guardians have just been ousted?” said William Silverman.

New York States Senator Luis Sepulveda speaker for this event is a perceived innovator in Albany of endeavors to ensure security. 
The Senator has ceaselessly worked for a member of finances for he has worked to raise the among officials and key administrator of the alarming suicide rate in the Latina high schooler populace demonstrated productive most as of late when Gov. Cuomo the declared the development of the New York State Suicide Counteractive action Team. Senator Sepulveda worked with City Mayor de Blasio in 2014 to verify subsidizing for all-inclusive prekindergarten in New York City, and he supported enactment to enable undocumented foreigners to acquire driver’s licenses. 

Senator Sepulveda is partnered with the Black, Puerto Rican, Hispanic and Asian clubs as the second co-chair of its Committee on Criminal Justice Reform. Senator Sepulveda earned his Bachelor’s Degree from Hofstra College and his law degree from Hofstra’s Maurice A. Deane School of Law. He is the leading Latino lawyer in the Senate.

A speaker named Jose Hamza Saldana is some time ago detained. He was discharged from Green Correctional Prison on January eleventh, 2018, following an aggregate of 38 years of imprisonment. During the times of imprisonment, Mr. Saldana had gotten a higher education degree. All the more critically, he worked for crucial criminal justice changes, including jail change, parole change, and racial equity. 

Today, Mr. Saldana is Executive Director of Release Aging People in Prison Campaign, called RAPP.  This aims to Discharge elderly Individuals in Jail through a grassroots network. RAPP attempts to end mass imprisonment and advance racial equity. His work looks to end the detainment of old people as a method of reforming laws and to stops prejudice and hate in and give more power and control to Communities of Color. 

What I’ve learned and the skills that I obtained is getting more Intel on what’s going on in our current Criminal Justice system. By going to this event, it let me know what’s been happening in our judicial system and what needs to be reform. It amazes me how slow the process is and how this whole reform of our judicial system may take time. The process is slow but is making an impact on our society, and the awareness is spreading into our political system of government.

However, under the wrong presidential Administration, things can go bad. Although I do not get political with others, under Donald Trump Presidency, things don’t seem to be going well for his administration and his victim. And by seeing the constant division in this nation, things don’t seem to be going well. But what I’ve learned is, the President of the United States has the power to do right and to do wrong. The people are surprisingly influenced by what the president says and how he acts.

During President Clinton years and former President George W. Bush and the Obama years, these things were not an issue. Their presidency was not perfect, but the division wasn’t there. But I guess you could say it was building up for years.
What I’ve noticed is how America could do great things under the right leadership, but America can also fall under the wrong spell under the wrong person that has absolute power.

I noticed one thing about our democracy, our democracy is weak, and there are several factors on why it is ineffective.

• Our poor educational system is one

• The Great Divide between the rich and the poor

• Corporations who have greed looks for cheap labor to make a more significant profit. 

They also move their companies outside America in which they were founded. This forces people to look for work else and builds up frustration.

•  Greedy corporations, knowing that they are the cause of this problem. 

They choose to buy political propaganda to victim blame others for looking at the narrative elsewhere for the reason of all blames. They are causing hardship to American workers &  blue-collar Families.

But the irony of the atmosphere that I see in American society today. It is that a lot of Americans don’t seem to understand that the problems lie within Corporate America and not with illegal immigrants,  not with China but inside America itself.
I will get more involved in speaking out on my opinion of this current event on reforming the criminal justice system. I will attend more of these events to prepare myself for my criminal justice major and goals. And I would also gather more information on the current events of our system of government and the progress of reform.  

This has prepared me for future events. This whole experience has impacted me because when I do get to law school, I would know what to expect in this kind of conversation and meetings about our current system of government and the laws that binds us together. As I had attended this July 8th High-political Forum, I feel as this would be and many conversations as I continue my education career in law & criminal justice system. 

Death Toll skyrockets due to Coronavirus. Over 2,000,000 affirmed cases globally

The world passed another inauspicious achievement Saturday as global reported announced coronavirus death toll had passed 200,000 globally. In the United States of America, States and city leaders are retaliating against loosened up their states and counties. Multiple states across America have plans in place to reopen their states and to get people back to work to help their economies.

 States had to shut down most of their business to contain the spread of the CoronaVirus, which has impacted the entire globe killing more the 250,000 people of this earth.

Scientist are trying their best to find a antibody to the CoronaVirus. Testing ramps up all over the United States of America, New York agencies have reported that health care officials, including Police officers and other authorities, would start accepting tests this weekly. In any case, the  World Health Organization gave a warning, expressing there is at present no proof that individuals who have recouped from CoronaVirus have antibodies are shielded from subsequent contamination.

The CoronaVirus infection has killed in excess of 210,000 individuals internationally. More than 2.6 million affirmed cases had been accounted for and more than 941,010 for the United States of America, with in excess of 55,000 death. Furthermore, regardless of the hardship of clinical specialists, health care officials, and medical attendants, they are keeping the battle focus on the Coronavirus and helping those lives. However, there has been hostility towards the lock-down and that resentments come from right-wing protesters. And it will make more mischief in our general public. Protesting the Lock Down are about something other than stay-at-home-order and saving those who are infected with CoronaVirus. 

Around a considerable number of conservative Americans rampaged and protesting in a few states challenging the coronavirus lock-downs, or the stay-at-home standards gave by their governors and top healthcare Officials. The anti-lock-down dissidents have a good parallel to the pathetic Tea Party from President Obama Presidency, and down to their conspicuous showcase of the Gadsden banner. In essence, the logo “Don’t tread on me” is a chronicled American image and symbols appropriated by the American Tea Party. 

In any case, As the coronavirus infects the entire globe and human population, and as the quantity of cases across the multiple countries moves toward the one million infected with the CoronaVirus. Most American towns and urban communities are under stay-at-home orders. Simultaneously, a couple of states remain, for the most part, just getting started to declare plans to lift the stay-at-home rules and plans to open their states along with many businesses. 

For those all the more trusting of government and its aims, it tends to be anything but difficult to presume that all protection from the lock-down is to secure our nation is from the CoroanVirus. Those that are protesting the Lock-Down are made in dishonesty and bad faith or out of principal ignorance of this serious scope of these severe harmful consequences. 

However, protesting the Lock-Down Order is unquestionably unsettling. While we ought to condemn this childish and idiotic tricks getting out to socials media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram or any other media site. We can let other know why the stay-at-home order will help Safe Life and why it’s essential to follow these stay-at-home order set by our top Healthcare officials.

An all-inclusive lockdown isn’t without tremendous outcomes, and consequences for our nations and people around the world dealing with these CoronaVirus issues as governments around the world are looking for the cure.  

Without these Lockdown orders in place the consequences will be tremendous.

Let’s Trust our health officials!

On April 10, 2020, there have been affirmed cases of CoronaVirus among South America’s Tribes.

The nation of Brazil has reported the first coronavirus case among the most vulnerable ethnic group called Yanomami people. 

The Yanomami is an Amazon indigenous group known for its detachment from the remainder of the population of the world, and they are known to keep an ancient way of living, and they are additionally vulnerable to outside sicknesses and diseases. 

The first known case was a 20-year-old person from the ethnic group known as Kokama tribe, who was affirmed to have the Covid-19 virus. 

The following case was a 14-year-old kid, was being treated in an emergency unit, a medical clinic in the Boa Vista region, in the capital of Roraima. 

Brazil is home to an expected 607,055 indigenous groups from in excess of 275 different ethnic groups living in isolation away from first-world peoples.

The Yanomami, who are known for their face paint and complex piercings and other unique and cultural things that make them known to First world people. They have even been on magazine covers that are highly recognizable amongst the general population of the media and recognized by some first world people.

The Yanomami Generally are disconnected from the outside world until the mid-twentieth century; they were crushed by multiple diseases and viruses from the first contact from the outside world, for example, measles and jungle fever during the 1970s. 

Indigenous groups in the Amazon rainforest are especially defenseless against imported illnesses since they have been verifiably separated from germs, and many types of viruses against which a significant part of the world has created insusceptibility.

However, Brazil and the world’s Media are absolutely shocked and surprised that covid-19 had reached an isolated tribe in the Amazon. Now public figures are trying to figure out how they should contain this virus that has no boundaries.

The Coronavirus (covid-19) had reached multiple isolated tribes in South America’s Amazons. No one knows how one of Brazil’s most recognizable tribes got infected by the covid-19.

So now the only problem is, how many more tribes are infected and how to reach them? 

Many of South America has tribes are very hostile to first-world people. So in many ways, it’s going to be extremely difficult to treat them, those that are hostile to first-world people.

Now the question is, how many tribes have been infected with covid-19 and how can we go about it in treating them. Especially those that are hostile towards first-world people. 

The Department of Justice wants to Suspend our Sacred Rights given to us by the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence

The Department of Justice wants to Suspend our Sacred Rights giving to us by the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence During the Coronavirus(Covid-19) Crisis. 

The Department of Justice has furtively approached Congress for the capacity to confine and arrest individuals “inconclusively,” which is very startling. 

The Trump Department of Justice has requested that Congress create enactment permitting chief judges appointed authorities to inconclusively hold individuals without preliminary and suspend other naturally ensured rights given by the U.S. Constitution during coronavirus, as per a report by Politicos. 

The Department of Justice wants to suspend alienable rights giving to us by the U.S. Constitution will probably not work out as intended with a Justly controlled House of Representatives, controlled by the Democratic Party. 

Experts and historians stated: The White House and the Trump administrations had exhibited startling negligence for rights counted in the Constitution, which it reminds them of what happened during Nazi Germany when the burning of the Reichstag building in Berlin, on February 27, 1933, which established the Nazi to be voted into power and then established the horrors thereafter. 

All Americans need to be very scared of this situation that is happening now.  The White House is using the Coronavirus to take away alliable right given to us by the Founding Fathers of this Country.  

The Department of Justice has mentioned Congress permit any central adjudicator of any district court to either stop or delay court procedures at whatever point under any circumstances.  

This would apply to “any rules or rules of method, in any case, influencing pre-preliminary, preliminary, pre-arrest, post-arrest and post-preliminary systems in criminal and adolescent procedures and every thoughtful procedure. They legitimize this by saying judges as of now can delay or stop legal procedures in any crisis, yet that new enactment would permit them to apply it in a reliable way according to them.

However, the Constitution gives U.S. citizens habeas corpus, which provides arrestees with the option to show up before the court and request to be discharged before preliminary. The Department of Justice wants to enactment to suspend all habeas corpus inconclusively until the coronavirus (Covid-19) crisis is over. Further, the Department of Justice solicited Congress to postpone the rule from restrictions on any criminal investigation and standard procedures during the crisis until a year after it ended. 

As coronavirus (Covid-19) spreads through the nation, activists are approaching lawmakers to discharge detainees and prison workers held in confinement, the two of which can be a hotbed of infection with such vast numbers of individuals around other people and limited or non-existent supplies of cleanser, sanitizer. Be that as it may, with this, the Trump Administration is finding multiple ways to hold more individuals in jails for dubious measures, demonstrating how we are losing our Democracy by slowly chipping away our alliable right giving to us by the United States Of America Constitution and the Declaration Of Independence. 

The United States Of America Presidential Impeachment Trial:

Trump impeachment trial:

The Articles of Impeachment in the US Constitution stated; “The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments.”

“When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of The United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two-thirds of the Members present.”

“Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States; but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment, and Punishment, according to Law.”

“In Article II, The current President shall have the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.”

“The President or Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”

The Information above originated from the United States of America Constitution and Wikipedia based on information break down of the United States Of America’s Constitution.


Writer: Steadman Blake

Presidential impeachment are uncommon in America. In our whole established history of the US constitution, we’ve seen just three genuine endeavors to expel a president for “Treachery, Remuneration, or other high Crimes and Wrongdoings”: Andrew Johnson in 1868, Bill Clinton in 1998 — both of whom were summoned by the House yet got away from expulsion by the Senate — and Richard Nixon, who resigned in 1974 preceding the elected official of the House could vote.  However, as for President Donald J. Trump’s turbulent residency proceeds, it appears to be progressively conceivable that we’ll see a fourth.  The Constitution requires a 66% supermajority to convict a sitting President of the United States. The Senate enters judgment on its choice, regardless of whether that be to condemn or to clear, and a duplicate of the report is documented with the Secretary of State.

On December 16, the House Judiciary Committee and Council discharged a report indicating criminal remuneration and wire extortion charges as a significant aspect of the maltreatment of the office of the Presidency and the abuse of power charges. On December 18, the House cast a ballot generally along partisan lines to indict the president on the two charges.

The procedure is to begin by a 66% or a two-thirds majority vote of the Parliament to impugn the President, at which point the Supreme Court chooses whether the President is blameworthy of the wrongdoing of which he is charged. If he is seen as liable, he is expelled from power.

The principles and everything else you have to know:

A decision on whether to call observers to affirm in the Senate isn’t relied upon to what will happen until after opening contentions have finished up.

The Senate prosecution is preliminary of President Donald Trump — just the third in U.S. history.

The top Supreme Court Justice, Chief Justice Roberts, will manage the preliminary, yet his job is more constrained than that of a judge in a court. He would run on evidentiary inquiries or pass them along for the Senate to decide on. The Senate can supersede Chief Justice Roberts’ choices with a majority vote.

The whole Senate is the jury; however, it additionally has some judge-like forces. Notwithstanding deciding on methodology and proof, the congressmen and women can submit issues with Chief Justice Roberts. They’re not permitted to address lawyers for the different sides legitimately; however, they can offer inquiries to Chief Justice Roberts, who will understand them.

Republicans would require 51 votes to reject the case, and there are 53 Republican. However, there’s little enthusiasm for the “Grand Old Party or to abbreviate the GOP, aka republican party, is in hurling out the situation. Some moderate Republicans, including Senator Romney of Utah and Susan Collins of Maine, have said they’d be available to calling observers. Democrats would require four Republicans to agree with them for that to occur.

Be that as it may; It would take a supermajority of 67 votes to convict. The decision can’t be engaged in a court. Both past presidential prosecution preliminaries finished in vindications. Along these lines, the equivalent for the present US President will undoubtedly be the equivalent. It is very uncommon to accuse a sitting President.

Why have presidential arraignments been so uncommon? One apparent reason is the high auxiliary boundary to expulsion. Article I, Segment 3, stipulates that “no Individual will be indicted without the Simultaneousness of 66% of the Individuals present.” It’s impossible that the Composers were thoroughly appreciated how much arrangement would limit the way toward impeachment.

The functional impact of that change, related to the ascent of ideological groups, has been to make it practically difficult to convict a sitting President of impeachable offenses.

Forest fire in 🇦🇺Australia 🇦🇺

The size of flames in Australia is remarkable. There are a considerable amount of animals that will be endangered. The limit of our environments to bounce back from the blazes will be tough.

The fire, which has been consuming all over Australia for quite a long time, has demolished homes and cleared out whole towns. About 23 million sections of land have been scorched, and a lot of it bushland, animal habitats, and national parks have been devastated.

Forest fires are nothing new in Australia. However, the forest fires have been increasingly extreme and getting progressively dangerous as of this century. An issue that has been exacerbated by environmental change. What’s more, animals have been on edge, and Australia has the most elevated rates of species loss of any region on the planet. Ecologists dread that rate could increment as the fire catastrophe proceeds.

Almost a large portion of Australians animals have been affected by the flames alone, with millions possibly dead, according to ecologists.

The Dark Legacy of the United States of America

United States Declaration of Independence
In the United States Declaration of Independence, it is stated “we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Maker with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” This has been designated “outstanding amongst and the best-known sentences in the English language”, containing “the most powerful and weighty words in American history”. The section came to speak to an ethical standard to which the US ought to endeavor. This view was strikingly advanced by Lincoln, who believed the Assertion to be the establishment of his political way of thinking and contended that it is an announcement of standards through which the US Constitution ought to be deciphered.

What is the dark legacy of American History

Much of American History has been crude and vulgar at multiple points of its foundation. Throughout American History, the effects of more than 400 years ago can still be felt today. I will express my opinions in this paper and go into the facts, evidence, and public records written down.

The dark legacy of American history is the resultt of a condition that comes along with a negative point in such events in history that is intended to hurt and oppress others such as a form of slavery or servitude that can make a huge impact on generations – especially an effect that is harmful to generation of people that can still be felt today.

The Circumstances in America History:
For much of American history, the United States Declaration of Independence was not followed accordingly. This is due to narrow-minded people that has hate and Prejudice which helped laid the foundation for the problems that we are in today.
For example, States set detainees to work through a practice called “convict leasing,” this means, former white slaves’ owners and industrialists “leased” detainees to work for them. States and private organizations made vast amounts of profits doing this, yet detainees didn’t. This implied a vast majority of African American detainees ended up living and working on ranches and plantations without wanting to and for no compensation decades after the Civil War. This is slavery by another name. The 13 amendment contends that makes an exemption for “automatic subjugation,” not “Slavery,” and that are important historical and legitimate distinctions between the two. However, no court has officially managed this differentiation, and numerous courts have utilized two terms reciprocally. In 1871, the Virginia Supreme Court decided that an indicted individual was “a Slave of the State.” The thirteenth Amendment didn’t abolish bondage nor slavery yet instead moved it from the plantation to the prison. This is no mistake, in fact, in The New Jim Crow of the 21 centuries, it spreads out how a system of Jim Crow supplanted slavery and later how an arrangement of mass detainment rose to replace and renew the new Jim Crow system in the United States of America.
In any case, significantly more critically, there are numerous in office officials who hold this preference, yet simultaneously, gives an empty talk to the estimation of ‘equivalent rights,’ or freely denounce the wrongs of prejudice. The false reverence is very glaring to the individuals who have a strong establishing in good judgment. It’s anything but a significant issue when strict narrow-minded people communicate it inside the general society since individuals with a profound feeling of reasonableness and good resilience perceive the truth about such human offensiveness. Be that as it may, when such strict, narrow mindedness individuals showed in legislative positions or approaches, it is segregation. Not exclusively are legislative strategies that target strict associations a legitimized method for an any form of segregation and discrimination, it is an infringement of the Principal in the United States of America Constitution, especially the 13 amendment.
Tragically, the grave risk with this circumstance is that when we the people accept these kinds of behaviors and yet, we seem to keep on electing these kinds of narrow-minded individuals to make decisions that will negatively affect multiple generations to come. We keep on electing them and expecting changes to be made. But, then we complain about the very same thing each circle of new leadership in America.

The first Africans to arrive in Virginia, in 1619, were bought from a slave ship but were treated as indentured servants. No legal system existed there at that time for slavery. Legacy that affects us today is that in 1676 Governor William Berkeley of Virginia ended the indentured servitude system, and replaced it with the African slave system. Nevertheless, slaves were not the predominant working labor force. But, they are going to become the predominant working Force. However; the most importation of African slaves, and the subjugation of native Americans as slaves began at different times in the early 13 colonies of what would become the United States.
The slave system, as we know it now “American Slavery” will ran its course until 1865 When in the American Civil War ended. The dark Legacy extended from the America’s foundation by the founding fathers through the American Civil War in the 1860s and the effect America in the 19th, 20th century to today.
The system of broad race-based slavery that characterized America, existed throughout:
● The American Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation and the adoption of the 13th amendment to U.S. Constitution which freed any forms of Slavery.
● And the Reconstruction Era, which will lead to the creation of the invisible Empire/Ku Klux Klan and its founder General Nathan Bedford Forrest, which lead to the Jim Crow era along with the segregation era of throughout 1900s which will lead to the creation of the NAACP.
● And to Brown versus Board of Education in 1954. This will lead to the March on Washington DC, led by Civil Rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Junior “I Have a Dream speech.” Which will lead to his assassination in 1968, and the aftermath it will have on the King riots in 1968.
● And President Nixon’s War on Drugs, which mainly targets African American and Hispanic
Communities. And the Rodney King riots in Los Angeles – 1992, to eventually having the first African American President Barack Obama, which led to a white-backlash at the end of his presidency and led to Donald Trump becoming the 45th President of the United States.

However, the ethical connection to the Founders ethical ideas and moral belief they held as they were founding this Nation.
It is generally accepted by the founding fathers that perceived religion and profound quality were expected to shape the establishment, at which point this new republic would rest. For instance, President George Washington said in his 1796 farewell address:
Of various auras and propensities, which lead to political thriving, religion and ethical quality are key bolsters. Futile would that man guarantee the tribute of enthusiasm, which should work to subvert these extraordinary mainstays of human joy, these firmest props of the obligations of men and residents.
In any case, the Ethicalness in the Bible is a method for understanding the U.S. Constitution, which underscores a combination of the right way of thinking and protects the law. President Washington believed the job of profound quality in government is associated with God and the individuals that pursue a decent way of the poise and truth without tyranny.
President George Washington contends that strict standards advance the assurance of property, notoriety, and life that are the establishments of equity. Of many demeanors and propensities, which lead to political flourishing, religion and ethical quality are crucial to a nation. The scriptural Ten Commandments and is the type of most legitimate system of government today.
The move in the moral atmosphere affects opportunities in all structures. Evangelicals must not compartmentalize church, state, and economy into autonomous circles; however, comprehend that strict opportunity, explicitly Christianity, is essential and corresponding to social, political, and financial opportunity. The ethical, strict, and philosophical atmosphere of a mass shapes the political, community, and financial states of a country.
It has been found that America has taken a great leap towards humankind and helping those get out of poverty. However, the belief and it has been true for a while. America has been involved in great world wars that include taking out tyrannical leaders. America stands in the world to keep the world at Bay, although that America itself is being challenged by various remnants of groups that do not believe in America’s viewpoints and ethical obligations.

However, do I believe America has lived up to his obligations?

  • My answer is “Yes” I do believe America has lived up to its obligations.
  • My answer is “No” America has never lived up to its obligations.

Throughout American History, America has been an inhumane Nation from its foundation towards other ethnic groups throughout the 16-Hundreds to the 21st century. America has spent of its History enslaving people, passing laws that oppressed people. Furthermore, it killed people, including hanging and lynching and castration.
Moreover, using propaganda to call those people lazy when they know that they are being oppressed. Furthermore, refusing to recognize the History and covering up the problem whitewashing History to their benefits. Furthermore, ignoring the historical issues that have affected multiple generations.
So, it is fair to say that History will say that America did not live up to his obligations. However, in the end, America can achieve to regain confidence in the Life of their nations and society. However; much of American History has been crude and vulgar at multiple points of the foundation of American History.
The future of the United States is genuinely unknown. I wonder if the United States will exist until the 22nd century. Seventy years from now, the year will be 2100, the 22nd century. I wonder if the concept of race will be a part of Ancient American History. Still affects us to this day. I wonder in this coming century, will America even make it to the 22 centuries, or will it become just like another Empire that comes and goes, like the fall of the Roman Empire.

How does all this can connect to philosophical ethics and moral competition versus the United States history and the Declaration of Independence?

This all relates to moral philosophy and understanding and right and wrong, Good and Evil and the respect of government within the rules of law can all be related to moral philosophy which can connect to the Deeds of man and man’s Great accomplishments along the lines of moral obligations.
The U.S. Declaration of Independence, which accentuates a combination of the excellent way of thinking and sacred law.
Similitude’s among morals and laws: as a rule, laws are made dependent on virtues of a specific culture and tradition. They portray the essential conduct of individuals. In other words, laws speak to the base guidelines of social practices, that is, moral conduct.

United Nations day!

 This event was celebrated as United Nations day. This event was entitled our Planet, our Futures!

This event was located at SUNY Global Center in Manhattan New York. Event took place On October 25, 2019. I was invited to this event by Jeanne Stillman UNA-USA-SNY & and her husband David Stillman who is executive director of Public-Private Alliance Foundation.


  • Professor Ilgu Ozler is the Director of the SUNY Global Engagement Program in NYC and an Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at SUNY New Paltz.


  • Zeke Johnson is the Senior Director of Programs at Amnesty International USA.  He leads the organization’s team of thematic issue experts working to end human rights violations in the United States and around the world.
  • Kavita Desai is an Adviser on Sustainable Development and Global Policy with the United Nations Foundation. She received her Doctorate from Pace University Law School with certificates in environmental and international law.
  • Bruce Knotts is the director of Unitarian Universalist United Nations Office (UU-UNO) since 2008. 

All the speakers’ emphased these points:

Millions of people are already suffering from the catastrophic effects of extreme disasters exacerbated by climate change. The effects of the climate crisis will continue to grow and worsen over time, compounding and magnifying existing inequalities, creating ruin for current and future generations. 

Burning of fossil fuels oil, coal, and gas is driving one of the biggest challenges facing the world today: climate change. Extreme weather events, rising oceans, and record-setting temperatures are wreaking havoc on hundreds of millions of lives and livelihoods around the world. Greenhouse gas emissions, primarily from the burning of fossil fuels, have already warmed the globe by more than 1°Celsius since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Unless we can rein in these emissions and ambitiously transition to a just, clean, and renewable energy future – the planet will become unrecognizable as global temperatures soar by 4, 5, or 6 °Celsius and beyond.

To avoid the worst of dangerous climate change, we must keep carbon in the ground. According to the best available science, to have a decent shot at limiting global warming to even

2°Celsius, 80% of the fossil fuels we already have access to must stay in the ground. This number will be even more dramatic for the 1.5 °Celsius Limit that countries, including the U.S., have committed to. This effectively means no major new fossil fuel projects, and phasing out existing fossil fuel production and consumption by the middle of the century, replacing them with a safe, clean, just, and renewable economy that is 100% decarbonized.

Science couldn’t be more precise. According to the latest UN climate report, we have less than 12 years to cut global emissions in half. This means the world must rapidly phase-out of fossil fuels. To get there, major global banks must be held accountable for the massive social and environmental impacts of their financing decisions. They must defund climate change. For me, the discussion on banking and fossil fuel was the highlight of the day, for which Zeke Johnson of Amnesty International was the main speaker.

Banks and Climate:

The latest Banking on Climate Change 2019 report reveals the shocking fact that since the Paris Climate Accord, big banks have increased financing for fossil fuels.

In fact, in the three years since Paris, big banks have pumped $1.9trillion into the fossil fuel sector. This is an insult to logic, science and humanity.

Banks must take responsibility and play an integral part in initiating the pivot away from fossil fuels, but it’s up to us to push these banks to take necessary action. Let’s start with the biggest and worst of them all: JPMorgan Chase.

Indigenous Rights:

Indigenous peoples are among those experiencing impacts from a changing climate first and worst. At the same time, they are at the forefront of movements around the world to protect land, air, and water from fossil fuel production. From the Transmountain pipeline, the Coastal gas link pipeline, the Bayou Bridge pipeline, to the Keystone pipelines, Indigenous peoples was leading the fights against major fossil fuel infrastructure projects that would lock us into decades more of fossil fuel expansion.

The banks supporting the fossil fuel industry have a responsibility to avoid financing projects and companies that violate Indigenous rights, including in particular treaty rights, religious rights, and the right to require free, prior, and informed consent for development that impacts them. And yet, JPMorgan Chase and other banks are backing companies, which are trying to build the Line 3 pipeline despite explicit opposition by impacted Indigenous nations. Chase is also the only bank that is financing ALL OF THE FOUR key areas expansion companies-Enbridge’s Line 3 pipeline, Teck Frontier Resources Mine, TransCanada’s Keystone pipeline, and the BlackMountain pipeline. Chase has an outsized role in ravaging the environment and trampling on the rights of Indigenous peoples.

Chase as Banker of Climate Change:

Chase has been funding fossil fuel expansion projects that devastate the environment and violate human rights, particularly indigenous rights.

Amnesty international has decided enough is enough, and is joining communities and organizations around the world in a bold campaign to hold Chase accountable.

With almost two decades of experience with Wall Street banks and building on the momentum from many Indigenous and grassroots-led fights, Amnesty international is undertaking a critical campaign. To get JPMorgan Chase out of fossil fuels to protect human rights, including indigenous rights, and ensure a livable future.

The era of big banks avoiding responsibility for the very real-world consequences of their investment decisions need to be over. Emissions have to drop by almost half by 2030, and going forward, Chase’s fossil financing has to match that trajectory. Chase must take responsibility, and play an integral part in initiating the pivot away from fossil fuels.

I am very conscious that this is a multidecade-long transition — however, a large number of laggards in the oil business have yet to move. And the distance between oil companies and what investors, environmentalists, and electorates expect from them seems destined to widen.

It was said the increase of fossil-fuel production delivers superior returns for shareholders, so there is a strong chance that this will not end anytime soon due to the amount of money that is being produced.

I have gone to a lot of events that speak of climate change. However, those events were not detailed compared to this event I went to.

At the SUNY Global Center event, they have spoken about the connection between the banks and the problems they cause on climate change and the negative impact they choose not to care about.

I’m just amazed by how detailed this event was.

Since I have been attending this course for my criminal justice major and writing multiple papers on my experience, I’ve gained much by going to this event.

Since this event was so astonishing. I would definitely go to more events like this. But I would hope that future events that explained the climate problems will go into details on how climate change is connected to the higher-ups and government entities and then how this affects populations and people of color around the world.

 I am astonished knowing that Chase Bank profits more on climate disaster than any other of the banks in the US. I am also surprised that the bank that I like so much Wells Fargo is also profiting from the climate change disaster, which is very unfortunate because I see Wells Fargo be a unique Bank.

 But once greed is set in place in our culture and society it’s tough for those individuals in power to make the positive change to help everybody on the planet. This event was the most interesting and the most extraordinary event on climate change.   This event was so amazing I’m even thinking about going into environmental law.

The Rise of China and international power and influence

This event took place on October 15, 2019 at 150 East 42nd Street in Manhattan.  Brigham Young University hosted this event.  It was a lecture and discussion on China & United Nations Peacekeeping.

The Republic of China is often thought of as a potential lead troop-contributing nation towards the UN peace keeping operations. The discussion was to explore hypotheses, expenses and advantages of China’s peacekeeping intentions.

The speaker was Courtney J. Fung, associate professor of international relations at the University of Hong Kong and a partner with Fairbank center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University.

It was stated President Xi Jinping wants to show the world that peacekeeping is related to China and that a strong role by China is fundamental to achievement of peace on our planet.

China is set to assume a greater role in peacekeeping missions while additionally furnishing its military with opportunities to gain better understanding of other countries. 

China’s President Xi already offered to make 8,000 soldiers accessible to the UN in 2015, at which time he additionally offered to help train 2,000 peacekeepers from different nations, give US$100 million in military guide to the African Association, and convey designing, transport and restorative staff.

This event was all about China’s Influence on a global scale and thus this event also spoke about China’s progress in the Goals of the United Nations Peacekeeping progress. The Global Governance Author Series speaker, Courtney Fung, showed by many demonstrations and pictures what China has accomplished in the past decades.

In the course of twenty years, China has become a functioning member of United Nations peacekeeping. China has the ability to grow its commitments further. China’s way to deal with peacekeeping has advanced significantly since it acceptation at the United Nation Security Committee in 1971. Fung and many others at the meeting expressed their views on the possible future of this. 

UN peacekeeping operations are for the purpose of ensuring respect for international law and the ideals of human rights among and within countries. In keeping with the provisions of the UN Charter.

I have heard of China’s influence from the media and it’s often negative. I’ve heard from multiple news source of China building a dam & multiple railroads in Africa. I am just surprised how the news does not tell the entire story.  I’ve heard multiple times of China’s influence around the world. News Agencies never speak of china’s success and how the contribute to the goals of the United Nation Peacekeeping progress.

I’ve also heard from my Grandmother, 71 years old, who stated that China has even reached her Country, Jamaica and how China is gaining incredible influence around the Americas. My Grandmother stated that   her beloved Country has benefited but only at the expense of China’s goals to gain even greater influence in the Americas.

I know the world including the United States and the Western countries have spoken about their concerns on the Rise of China’s influence but I never knew it was on a scale that it is now.

In the news I’ve watched, from MSNBC to FOX NEWS” they speak of China’s Rise, but the way they speak is very negative and Focuses on human rights abuses and spying.

What I’ve learned is, when it comes down to the Chinese influence around the world. It creates a positive effect on countries that have been devastated by colonial policies that have affected Generations.

America and our allies are not likely to give out loans to countries that have a poor record for not paying their loans back in full.

However, China is aware of this. But China gives out loans to countries they know may not pay back their loans in full. What China seeks to gain is political dominance in voting power at the United Nations, and Global influence.

I gained more understanding of what’s been going on and how the news does not explain everything. What amazes me is how China is gaining political influence around the world.

China has built infrastructure in the poorest regions in Africa. They have Built InterContinental train station that connects countries in Africa. And they have also had built dams in African Countries like; Zambia, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Ghana, Gabon, Cameroon.

Although some African countries are unlikely to pay back the volume of loans they get from China, China knows with enough votes is can sway any UN policies.  It would be a huge help if they get African countries on its side.

I believe China is trying to win the respect of the people they help. With Respect comes power, with power and influence combined comes allies and more dominance.

Since I am a Criminal Justice major this can connect to global politics & any other global entity that deals with laws and the rule of law, including in relation to the UN Charter. Politics in the most part has to deal with the rule of law so, in many ways this can relate to my major.

As a Criminal Justice major this will keep my focus on what China is currently doing and how they are influencing global Politics in their favor, and international laws and regulations.

This whole experience made a significant impact on my psyche. Knowing that any news agency is a propaganda agency makes me look at the American News agency in a different light.  I do not believe in everything I hear. But, after this event I did some research and I found multiple articles on how china has rebuilt parts of Africa that have been affected by the history of Colonialism. What strikes me is how the west and the elite who control the narrative do not like to be challenged by another rising power.

It’s sad because these people who have power to make a differences in the world do nothing and others who see those in a position of power do nothing will fill in the gap and take the opportunity to help and fix the problem.  However; if those who fill in the gap and fix and improve the narratives obtain power, they use propaganda and spread lies or what we call fake news nowadays.

This has impacted me because now I know not to trust any news agency.  This whole experience makes me be more careful of what I read and any information I gain. Since I am into law & the rule of law, I will keep myself in check on what I learn and what I observed.

However; it was good knowing additional information’s from the event. I question the event Courtney Fung has set up with her agency. Is this event set up to make China look good on an international stage or is the purpose of this event to show actually progress and legit information of what China has been doing in the past decades on Rebuilding Countries devastated by colonialism? Courtney Fung is a Professor at Hong Kong University. Should this raise suspicion? But, this event was actually good; I’ve gained additional understanding and will go to more events like this one. But, I question if Courtney Fung has bias like other agencies in United States of America!